humanaesfera in english


Private property, scarcity and democracy
This article was originally written as a response to "libertarians" who see scarcity as a natural, objective and eternal consecration of private property and the market. It also describes a perspective concerning the limitations of democracy in relation to the transformation of the material conditions of existence.
Against the metaphysics of scarcity, for the practical copiousness
A reply to the following objection: "The abundance (overcoming scarcity) is impossible since we live in a world with limited resources, not only economically, but physically, so overcoming scarcity is a metaphysical, absurd demand, which requires a complete automation of the infinite universe to deliver to each individual, raised to the status of a god, every whim and arbitrariness."

Private property, substance of state
A detailed and concise analysis of what the state is and how it operates.

-  Universally interconnected / interdependent conditions of existence
This article seeks to demonstrate that defending "identities", "nations", "ethnic zones", "communities", "countries", "autarchies", "autonomous territories" or "self-managed areas” is the same as claim the establishment of new private properties and, consequently, new capitals and new states. The article also addresses the issue of the irruption of the world human community which suppresses private property worldwide.

- Against patriotism - against nationalism - down with the national boundaries!
“If they insist, these cannibals,On making heroes of us,They will know soon that our bulletsAre for our own generals.” (the internationale)

Against strategy
A critique of ideology of the strategy from the perspective of the concept of class composition.

Artificial intelligence, unemployment and universal basic income: another panacea of the owner class
How can AI concretely change capitalist society? And how can universal basic income be implemented in practice?
Class struggle in the Cuba enterprise
The nationalized capitalism of Cuba and the worldwide class struggle.
Against rewards and punishments (against meritocracy, against coercion) 
Short text addressing the issue of rewards and punishments, law, rule of law, meritocracy and wage labor.

- Autonomy and daily life - Spinoza and Kant's imperative: "Treat others and yourself as ends, never as means"
A short text about the basics of materialist ethics, our power to change the circumstances of everyday life and creating and developing our abilities and needs.
- "Middle class": masochistic repressive paranoid moralism
An attempt to analyze how the material conditions of existence explain the reactionary psychology that prevails in the working class insofar as it is crushed as a class and reproduces exploitation.

Strike and free production
When most workers are in the service sector, does the striking tactic make sense if the proletariat use such services in their daily lives? How can we encourage class solidarity in this case?

A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity
Some believe that, regardless of concrete praxis, scarcity is an inherent characteristic of time and space, as a metaphysical foundation (they generally use the thermodynamic concept of "entropy" to substantiate this idea). Thus, they suppose that, in this entropic universe, competition for what is scarce guides every specific being - and likewise human beings and societies - making the social form of scarcity, private property (and hence class society, labor, state and capital), have an eternal, cosmic, immutable foundation. In this text, we will try to criticize this metaphysics from a specifically philosophical, physical and anthropological point of view.
The illusion of the precapitalist "gift"
(This text is an addendum to A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity)What was the precapitalist gift? In what concrete material circumstances did it make sense? Here, we briefly want to show that the precapitalist conditions which made the gift to make sense are not only without return, but are also absolutely undesirable today. In communist society the enjoyment of the productive forces can neither be a gift nor an exchange of commodities.

A brief history of the state
(This text is an addendum to Private property, substance of state)How did the state become distinct from the castes and presented itself as a neutral entity that hovers and contrasts with a so-called civil society? What is the relation between the emergence of capitalist power over the world and the emergence of absolutist monarchies and nation-states? This short article presents a synthetic look at the history of the emergence of the modern state.

SUBVERSION PRESS website has published a booklet to print (PDF) which contains two of our texts translated into English.

This printable zine contains two texts:


Humanaesfera website is a product of debates and conversations between many people who are not a formal group, often even with random people from everyday life, at work, buses, street, queues, trains, etc. The aim is to bring together, or, so to speak, to "save" (for a larger public and for the future) the libertarian Communist ideas, which have no owners, and which appear scattered throughout society.

Humanaesfera - email:



Humanaesfera is communism: the free association without fronteiras  of individuals, where free access to their practical conditions of existence - to the means of production and of life interconnected  on a planetary scale which ceased to be private property - emancipated humanity from all social coercion, whether economic, enterprise, state, national, educational, family or cultural.

The purpose of this site is to unfold and to arm explicitly in the century XXI the most basic and repressed thought-desire-need of the proletariat since its emergence in the eighteenth century:

a) abolition of work: abolition of any system of rewards and punishments; Consequently, the end of every repulsive, annoying, tedious and / or dull activity, the end of everything that is not attractive on its own, in order to make  all productive activity the free multilateral expression of human creativity, capacities and needs; Abolition of the labor market; Therefore, the end of the slavery of wages, of money, of commodity, and in order to make this possible,

b) abolition of private property of the means of life and production (abolition of the enterprise, capital, whether the owners are states or particulars) to ensure free access to the practical means of accomplishment and self-formation of the desires and needs of individuals in free association, who will find free and gratuitous their practical material conditions of existence and self-realization. Hence,

c) abolition of national borders, because it is only possible to guarantee free access to the material conditions of existence - to the  means of life and production, which are indissolubly interdependent on a world scale - by abolishing every private circumscription of any territory of the world with regard to every human being. Therefore,

d) abolition of the State, because only by suppressing the armed body separated from the population (police and armed forces) will it be possible to make the population free from that which is the only thing effectively depriving them (by force of arms) of having free access to their conditions of existence.

These are the minimum requirements for individuals to realize and produce their own potential as themselves (this is freedom), so they will never be forced to reduce themselves to commodities offered in the labor market, nor forced to be reduced to the condition of objects of consumption for corporate or state administration.

Practice: against the hoax of "base work", of militancy and activism, we confine ourselves to lazily supporting the only properly communist practice, whose smallest spark alone is capable of taking the world: the overcoming of the strike by gratuitous, universally accessible and  free production, which suppresses employment immediately, in order to promote the free and autonomous universal circulation of human needs and capacities, against enterprise, State, nation, family, commodity and class on a world scale.

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